What happened on November 7th in history?
335 Athanasius is banished to Trier, on charge that he prevented a grain fleet from sailing to Constantinople.
680 The Sixth Ecumenical Council commences in Constantinople.
1426 Lam Sơn rebels emerge victorious against the Ming army in the Battle of Tốt Động Chúc Động taking place in Đông Quan, in now Hanoi.
1492 The Ensisheim meteorite, the oldest meteorite with a known date of impact, strikes the earth around noon in a wheat field outside the village of Ensisheim, Alsace, France.
1619 Elizabeth Stuart is crowned Queen of Bohemia.
1665 The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.
1775 John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore’s Offer of Emancipation, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British.
1786 The oldest musical organization in the United States is founded as the Stoughton Musical Society.
1811 The Battle of Tippecanoe is fought near present-day Battle Ground, Indiana, United States.
1837 In Alton, Illinois, abolitionist printer Elijah P. Lovejoy is shot dead by a mob while attempting to protect his printing shop from being destroyed a third time.
1861 American Civil War: Battle of Belmont: In Belmont, Missouri, Union forces led by General Ulysses S. Grant overrun a Confederate camp but are forced to retreat when Confederate reinforcements arrive.
1874 A cartoon by Thomas Nast in Harper’s Weekly, is considered the first important use of an elephant as a symbol for the United States Republican Party.
1885 The completion of Canada’s first transcontinental railway is symbolized by the Last Spike ceremony at Craigellachie, British Columbia.
1893 Women’s Suffrage: Women in the U.S. state of Colorado are granted the right to vote, the second state to do so.
1900 Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses.
1907 Jesús García saves the entire town of Nacozari de Garcia, Sonora by driving a burning train full of dynamite six kilometers (3.7 miles) away before it can explode.
1908 Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid are reportedly killed in San Vicente, Bolivia.
1910 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
1912 The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven’s Fidelio.
1913 The first day of the Great Lakes Storm of 1913, a massive blizzard that ultimately killed 250 and caused over $5 million (about $118,098,000 in 2013 dollars) damage. Winds reach hurricane force on this date.
1914 The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published.
1914 The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces.
1916 Jeannette Rankin is the first woman elected to the United States Congress.
1917 The Gregorian calendar date of the October Revolution, which gets its name from the Julian calendar date of 25 October. On this date in 1917, the Bolsheviks storm the Winter Palace.
1917 Third Battle of Gaza ends: British forces capture Gaza from the Ottoman Empire.
1918 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year.
1918 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria.
1919 The first Palmer Raid is conducted on the second anniversary of the Russian Revolution. Over 10,000 suspected communists and anarchists are arrested in twenty-three different U.S. cities.
1920 Patriarch Tikhon issues a decree that leads to the formation of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia.
1929 In New York City, the Museum of Modern Art opens to the public.
1931 The Chinese Soviet Republic is proclaimed on the anniversary of the October Revolution.
1933 Fiorello H. La Guardia is elected the 99th mayor of New York City.
1940 In Tacoma, Washington, the original Tacoma Narrows Bridge collapses in a windstorm, a mere four months after the bridge’s completion.
1941 Soviet hospital ship Armenia is sunk by German planes while evacuating refugees and wounded military and staff of several Crimean hospitals. It is estimated that over 5,000 people died in the sinking.
1944 A passenger train derails in Aguadilla, Puerto Rico from excessive speed when descending a hill. Sixteen people are killed and 50 are injured.
1944 Soviet spy Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German World War I veteran, is hanged by his Japanese captors along with 34 of his ring.
1944 elected for a record fourth term as President of the United States of America.
1949 The first oil was taken in Oil Rocks (Neft Daşları), oldest offshore oil platform.
1956 The United Nations General Assembly adopts a resolution calling for the United Kingdom, France and Israel to immediately withdraw their troops from Egypt.
1957 The Gaither Report calls for more American missiles and fallout shelters.