As you may have noticed, I never detail anything after 1964 because that to me is not history being born in that year. To me that is just the era I live in:
637 Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of the Iron Bridge.
758 Guangzhou is sacked by Arab and Persian pirates.
1137 Battle of Rignano between Ranulf of Apulia and Roger II of Sicily.
1270 The Eighth Crusade and siege of Tunis end by an agreement between Charles I of Sicily (brother to King Louis IX of France, who had died months earlier) and the sultan of Tunis.
1340 Portuguese and Castilian forces halt a Marinid invasion at the Battle of Río Salado.
1501 Ballet of Chestnuts: A banquet held by Cesare Borgia in the Papal Palace where fifty prostitutes or courtesans are in attendance for the entertainment of the guests.
1534 English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the English church – a role formerly held by the Pope.
1657 Spanish forces fail to retake Jamaica at the Battle of Ocho Rios during the Anglo-Spanish War.
1757 Mustafa III became Ottoman Sultan.
1806 Believing he is facing a much larger force, Prussian Lieutenant General Friedrich von Romberg, commanding 5,300 men, surrendered the city of Stettin to 800 French soldiers commanded by General Lassalle.
1831 In Southampton County, Virginia, escaped slave Nat Turner is captured and arrested for leading the bloodiest slave rebellion in United States history.
1863 Danish Prince Wilhelm arrives in Athens to assume his throne as George I, King of the Hellenes.
1864 Second Schleswig War ends. Denmark renounces all claim to Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg, which come under Prussian and Austrian administration.
1864 Helena, Montana is founded after four prospectors discover gold at “Last Chance Gulch”.
1888 Rudd Concession granted by King Lobengula of Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes led by Charles Rudd.
1894 Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
1905 Czar Nicholas II of Russia grants Russia’s first constitution, creating a legislative assembly.
1918 The Ottoman Empire signs an armistice with the Allies, ending the First World War in the Middle East.
1920 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
1925 John Logie Baird creates Britain’s first television transmitter.
1929 The Stuttgart Cable Car is constructed in Stuttgart, Germany.
1938 Orson Welles broadcasts his radio play of H. G. Wells’s The War of the Worlds, causing anxiety in some of the audience in the United States.
1941 Franklin Delano Roosevelt approves U.S. $1 billion in Lend-Lease aid to the Allied nations.
1941 One thousand five hundred Jews from Pidhaytsi (in western Ukraine) are sent by Nazis to Bełżec extermination camp.
1942 Lt. Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier and canteen assistant Tommy Brown from HMS Petard board U-559, retrieving material which would lead to the decryption of the German Enigma code.
1944 Anne Frank and sister Margot Frank are deported from Auschwitz to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp.
1947 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which is the foundation of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), is founded.
1950 Pope Pius XII witnesses the “Miracle of the Sun” while at the Vatican.
1953 Cold War: U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower formally approves the top secret document National Security Council Paper No. 162/2, which states that the United States’ arsenal of nuclear weapons must be maintained and expanded to counter the communist threat.
1960 Michael Woodruff performs the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary.
1961 Nuclear testing: The Soviet Union detonates the hydrogen bomb Tsar Bomba over Novaya Zemlya; at 50 megatons of yield, it is still the largest explosive device ever detonated, nuclear or otherwise.
1961 Because of “violations of Lenin’s precepts”, it is decreed that Joseph Stalin’s body be removed from its place of honour inside Lenin’s tomb and buried near the Kremlin Wall with a plain granite marker instead.